He Zhen was an early 20th century Chinese anarchist feminist. She took the name He Zhen (He “Thunderclap”) but signed her published writings He-Yin Zhen (何银珍) in order to include her mother’s maiden name. She published a number of strong attacks in anarchist journals on male social power which argued that society could not be free without the liberation of women.
She married Liu Shipei in 1903, and soon she a Liu soon moved to Shanghai, where she continued her education at the Patriotic Women’s School run by Cai Yuanpei. She and Liu moved to Tokyo in 1904. She was a mainstay of the Chinese anarchist group in Tokyo and a major contributor to the journal Tianyee (Tianyi) (Natural Justice), which published in the two years 1907-1908, as well as to the Paris journal, Xin Shiji (New Century or New Era), edited by the anarchist group there led by Li Shizeng and Wu Zhihui.
She and her husband both wrote under pen-names, and many of her articles were misattributed to Liu. He Zhen also founded the Women’s Rights Recovery Association (Nüzi Fuquan Hui), which called for the use of force to end male oppression of women as well as resistance to the ruling class and capitalists while endorsing traditional values such a perseverance and respect for the larger community.
Her essay “On The Question Of Women’s Liberation,” which appeared in Tianyi in 1907, opens by declaring that “for thousands of years, the world has been dominated by the rule of man. This rule is marked by class distinctions over which men — and men only — exert proprietary rights. To rectify the wrongs, we must first abolish the rule of men and introduce equality among human beings, which means that the world must belong equally to men and women. The goal of equality cannot be achieved except through women’s liberation.”
“On The Question Of Women’s Labor,” published in Tianyi in July of 1907, traces the exploitation of women’s labor from the times starting with the “well field system of ancient days, especially decrying the tragedies of prostitution, female infanticide, and concubinage of recent times. "Economic Revolution And Women’s Revolution” “On The Revenge Of Women,” asks the women of her country: “has it occurred to you that men are our archenemy?” “On Feminist Antimilitarism,” and “The Feminist Manifesto” were also powerful indictments of male social power.